Zionism is one of the most fascinating political and cultural projects of the twentieth century - and one whose enduring legacy and current meaning have long been, and still are, fiercely contested. The international relations of the Middle East have long been dominated by uncertainty and conflict. External intervention, interstate war, political upheaval and interethnic violence are compounded by the vagaries of oil prices and the claims of military, nationalist and religious movements. The term Zion has traditionally been viewed as synonymous with Jerusalem (Roth and Wigoder, 1971).The most commonly understood use of the term Zionism is the belief that the land of Israel is the homeland of the Jewish people, and every effort is to be made to return Jewish people to the land. Zionism is an international movement that supports the establishment of a Jewish homeland in the territory defined as the historic Land of Israel (known as Palestine) and continues primarily to support the modern state of Israel.
In his review of Nationality and Government, Barker argued that the nation for Zimmern was "a social fact," belonging to "the sphere of education and literature." This social entity was, in its essence, "a matter for the individual" regardless of which state he was affiliated with. Vol 37, 2019 Vol 36, 2017 Vol 35, 2016 Vol 34, 2015 Vol 33, 2014 Vol 32, 2013 Vol 31, 2012 Vol 30, 2011 Vol 29, 2010 Vol 28, 2009 Vol 27, 2008 Vol 26, 2007 Vol 25, 2006 Vol 24, 2005 Vol 23, 2004 Vol 22, 2003 Vol 21, 2002 Vol 20, 2001 Vol 19, 1998 Vol 18, 1997 Vol 17, 1996 Vol 16, 1995 Vol 15, 1994 Vol 14, 1993 Vol 13, 1992 Vol 12, 1991 Vol 11, 1990 Vol 10, 1989 Vol 9, 1988 Vol 8, 1987 Vol 7 ... Zionism, Jewish nationalist movement that originated in eastern and central Europe in the latter part of the 19th century that has had as its goal the creation and support of a Jewish national state in Palestine, the ancient homeland of the Jews. Learn more about the history of Zionism in this article. The history of Zionism before the First World War is reflected in the multitude of themes that ran across the Zionist Movement, such as the secular, political and social emphases on national reconstruction and renaissance, and the capacity of Jews to transform themselves into autonomous agents of history, as well as Jewish solidarity. ZIONISM AND JEWISH HISTORY 37 population.